As the biggest sand island in the world, it’s no surprise the Fraser Island is home to some of the most unique and diverse wildlife in the whole of Australia. The varied selection of landscapes and scenery make up a number of habitats for a range of different creatures, from the iconic dingo to prehistoric lizards that hide away in the shade of the ancient trees. This makes any Fraser Island tour a memorable experience for wildlife lovers.

The Animals of Fraser Island

Today, there are almost 50 different species of mammal that live on Fraser Island, including the swamp wallaby, the sugar glider, and the small-eared mountain possum.

When it comes to reptiles, Fraser Island seemingly has it all. The most common sightings are of the sand monitor and the lace monitor, but there are a whopping 80 species of reptile and a further 19 species of snake that call the island home. Keep your eyes peeled in open woodland spaces and picnic areas, as these are the most likely spots to catch a glimpse of the lizards and snakes. Elsewhere, there are a number of rare frog species to look out for, including the elusive “acid” frogs that set up home in the swamps.

The waters surrounding the island are home to some incredible creatures, too, and are a big draw for scuba divers and snorkelers looking to explore the island from a different perspective. As well as dolphins and dugongs, there are turtles, rays, and a whole host of colourful fish species. If you’re lucky enough to visit between July and November, keep a look out for the majestic humpback whales as the migrate to warmer waters.

And when it comes to birds, Fraser Island is spoilt for choice. There are over 350 species of birds that live on the island thanks to its diverse selection of food sources. Some species are incredibly rare, so keep your eyes peeled overhead as well when exploring.

The Plants of Fraser Island

A large part of the island is made up of undulating sand dunes formed over thousands of years by the elements. In these parts, you can see plenty of salt-tolerant plant species, including Spinifex, she-oaks, and coastal pandanus. Further away from the water’s edge, you can find species like eucalyptus, scribbly gums, satinay, brush box, and kauri pine, and in the valleys between the sand dunes, there is a lush rainforest that thrives in the unique climate and plays host to species like the angiopteris fern.

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